Beginning Photography

Formulas versus Strategies

Formulas versus Strategies

What is the difference between a formula and a strategy? In photography, it can be hard to tell. Here are my thoughts on how to differentiate the two.


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In my last post, I spoke of formulas and how they can be detrimental to photography. The line of logic behind that was that photography created via a “formula” is in real danger of becoming bland and, well—formulaic. Here, I feel the need to underscore the difference between a formula and a strategy. My reasoning is that I think it could be easy for people to mistake the difference between a formula and a strategy because depending on the definitions you’re using, they could be the same thing. Moreover, where a formula can lead to formulaic photographs, a strategy can help you produce better art.

So what is a formula in photography? This would be where every photograph needs to have a specific set of elements in order to make it work. You could look at the popular website reddit.com as an example of formulas that make photographs that work. Granted, I’m not referencing fine art photographs with my Reddit reference, but you can still see the parallels.

On Reddit, it’s something of a meme that pictures of cats will always be well-received because everyone loves cats. This is a formula. If you decide to always take photographs of cats doing silly things because these things are guaranteed to work—or so you assume—that is a formula. It’s a strict, rigid thing that doesn’t allow for much manipulation.

Where it becomes problematic is when the subject material isn’t as engaging as an adorable kitty. Most of us won’t ever tire of looking at cute animals. But what if the formula was to always take pictures of trees on cloudy days? Or to always take pictures of flowers in a vase? These subjects may be interesting initially, but they’re not cute enough or personable enough to capture our attention long term. These are examples of formulas that would fail, ultimately.

All of this differs from a strategy, which is much more malleable. When you have a strategy, you have a set of elements or conditions that are somehow superior for creating photographs. So for example, a strategy could be to time your photo walks to line up with the golden hour. This way, you’re setting light conditions to be favorable for lots of different kinds of photography. Or, your strategy could be to focus on elements of nature because these are things you excel at and enjoy—but that doesn’t mean you’ve boiled it down to a formula in which you only take photographs of certain kinds of trees during the golden hour.

Hopefully, this illustrates the difference between formulas and strategies. In photography, formulas have a limited application. If your focus is to entertain with some sort of engaging subject material that never fails to capture peoples’ hearts—as with cute cat photos—then a formula can work. If you’re creating a series of images in which each image needs to be closely aligned, then a formula can work through the duration of that series. But to create an entire body of work based on such a narrow scope would be boring. Formulas are rules that can bind us into progressively less creative ruts. Meanwhile, strategies are guidelines that we can set for ourselves to help us create better photographs.

Now go and enjoy the beauty of God’s creation through your lens.

About the author

Will Moneymaker

Will has been creating photographs and exploring his surroundings through his lens since 2000. Follow along as he shares his thoughts and adventures in photography.